Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
"FERPA is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education. FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level. Students to whom the rights have transferred are "eligible students."
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
"Most of us feel that our health information is private and should be protected. That is why there is a federal law that sets rules for health care providers and health insurance companies about who can look at and receive our health information. This law, called HIPAA, gives you rights over your health information, including the right to get a copy of your information, make sure it is correct, and know who has seen it."